Esthetician schools will typically offer diploma or certificate programs and will prepare their students for the certification exam after they have graduated. An esthetician is licensed by the state and will provide hair removal, facials, pedicures, manicures and other services that will improve the appearance and overall health of a person’s skin. The licensing and education requirements will vary from state to state.
Licensing and Education Information
While the licensing requirements tend to vary, generally, an applicant will need to be at least 18 years old and pass a state specific exam, in order to obtain their license for this field. To qualify for the licensing exam, an applicant will need to complete state approved esthetics and skin care classes at esthetician schools or beauty schools. These programs will often have clinical hour requirements, with the amount of time required ranging from 300 to 650 hours.
Esthetics classes will explore the physiology, anatomy and science of the skin, and students will undertake lessons in aromatherapy treatments, makeup application, eyebrow tinting, manicures, pedicures, scrubs and body wraps. Additional courses will cover professionalism, disinfection, and sanitation and client communication. There are many schools that will also offer master classes, which consist of a considerable amount of hours on advanced topics. These classes will teach skin care techniques and use sophisticated technologies such as laser skin treatments, chemical peels and microdermabrasion.
How to Find the Right School
The goal of an esthetician college is to prepare a student for an entry level position in this field. To accomplish this, the college a student chooses will need to adhere to all standards that are required by the state, in order for the student to be eligible to take the certification exam.
The classwork will involve studies of professional safety practices, cosmetology theory, physiology, makeup application, state laws and facial procedures. Some of these programs will also include business and management classes, which can be important in a professional setting.
Individuals interested in this type of program should look for a college with a salon on campus which will provide the student with more hands on training opportunities. Many of these schools will feature internships, which is especially important for the student that’s seeking an entry level job once they have graduated.
Because an esthetician will work closely with patients, they’ll need to be able to work comfortably with others, in addition to having good customer service skills. The best colleges will include courses that will focus on enhancing these skills.
Basic Esthetician Classes
These esthetician programs can take less than twelve months to complete and will prepare graduates for state licensing and entry level employment.
The skin care class will teach students how to identify common skin conditions such as age spots and acne and how to recommend treatments based on a person’s skin type. This class will combine clinical study with lab work, which will help to prepare a student to perform spa treatments such as Vichy showers, massages, scrubs and body wraps. A student will learn the correct way to use magnification tools, lighted mirrors, and different types of topical applications.
The facials class will teach students how to operate high frequency tools, apply facial masks, glycolic facials, exfoliations and chemical peels. Students will practice these techniques on fellow classmates, under the supervision of a program instructor.
The makeup application class teaches students how to master color theory as well as how to identify skin types and their characteristics. Students will perform different types of makeup applications using lipstick, eye shadow, concealer and foundation. They’ll also practice special occasion and evening and day looks. The classwork will include the application of air brushed tans and false eyelashes.
The hair removal class will teach students about the process of hair removal and students will learn how to remove hair using depilatory creams, tweezers and wax. Students will practice these techniques on fellow classmates, under the supervision of the program instructor.
The physiology and anatomy class will provide an overview of physiology and human anatomy. While this class covers the major body systems and organs, there is also special attention paid to nails, skin and hair.
The salon management class is typically one of the last required classes in an accredited program. Marketing and sales, in addition to the importance of good communication, will be emphasized in this course. A student will receive hands on experience staffing a salon, as well as selling products and merchandising.
The individual that obtains esthetician certification can find employment at department stores, resorts, salons and spas. They can also work with nutritionists, plastic surgeons and dermatologists. The average annual salary for this position ranges from $28,000 to $34,000 and will depend on the esthetician’s level of education, work environment and their years of experience.